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National Park (SNP) is situated in the extreme west of Uganda in Bundibugyo
district. It lies along the Uganda/ Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
border within the western arm of the East African Rift Valley. In the
southeast are the Rwenzori Mountains, to the west is the Democratic Republic
of Congo and to the north are the Semuliki flats and Lake Albert further
grazingSemuliki National Park is an eastern extension of the vast Ituri
forest in Democratic Republic of Congo. It forms part of the forest continuum
resulting out of the climatic upheavals of the Pleistocene and therefore
one of the richest areas for both flora and fauna in Africa (especially
National Park (220 sq. kms) was gazetted in October 1993. The park occupies
a flat with gently undulating landform ranging from 670m-760m above sea
level. Since all streams and rivers from the surrounding area drain through
the park, coupled with the poor drainage and topography, many areas in
the park are flooded during the rainy season.
The average annual rainfall is 1,250mm with peaks from March-May and September-December.
The temperatures vary from 18oc to 30oc with relatively small daily variations.
Semuliki National Park is the only lowland tropical rain forest in East
Africa classified as moist and semi-deciduous. There are 336 tree species
recorded of which 24 are restricted to Semuliki National Park, to the
eastern part of the range, or are shared with only one or two neighbouring
forests; They include Isolana congolana, Nesogordonia kabingaensis and
ejacis guineesis. Some tree species in Semuliki National Park such as
cordia millenii and lovoa surymertonii are considered to be endangered.
survey carried out in 1999 by the forest department determined that, compared
to other exceptional diversity for small mammals, birds and butterflies.
Fauna recorded include 435 bird species (about 34% of Uganda's total),
some of which cannot be found elsewhere in East Africa, including some
of the continent's most spectacular and sought after birds such as horn
bills and lyre tailed honey guide.
63 species of mammals, 9 species of, which are diurnal forest primates
(e.g. chimpanzees, blue monkey, and vervet monkeys and olive baboon),
while nocturnal primates include pottos and galagos.
The following species of mammals are also found in Semuliki National Park:
forest buffaloes, blue duiker, beecroft's flying squirrel, pigmy squirrel,
little collared fruit bat, water chevrotaain and target rat.
374 species of butterflies and months have been identified including 46
species of forest swallowstails and charaxes plus atleast 81 species of
large moth, 12 of which are classified as restricted.
The wide range of species is attributed not only to the forest's location,
but also to the varied habitats, forest swamp, grassland and an extensive
system of hotsprings, warm swamp and Savannah woodland.
There are four ethnic groups living around the park. The Bamba and Bakonjo
are found in the valley and mountain slopes respectively and both are
agriculturalists depending on cash crops like coffee, cocoa and food crops
mainly bananas, rice and potatoes.
who occupy the rift valley floor, north of the park are pastoralists who
depend entirely on cattle products which they trade in with their neighbours
(in both Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo).
(pigmies) are hunters and gatherers, and are an Ituri ethnic group who
historically depended and still depend on Semuliki forest. Their lifestyle
is now changing due to interaction with other local communities and the
impact of tourism.
In 1993, the Adventist Development Relief Agency (ADRA) convinced the
Batwa and resettled them near Ntandi in a bid to integrate them into local
cultural and agricultural life, but the project failed.
The Batwa now spend part of their time in their new homes and the other
in their traditional homes (the forest). All in all, they live by hunting,
fruit gathering, and assistance from local communities and contributions
from tourists who go to interact with them.
Jungle life in Semuliki National Park is breathtaking especially for birders,
primate, butterfly and plant lovers. The jungle walk takes one up to the
meandering River Semuliki, the only one of its type in East Africa. You
may also see forest buffaloes and elephants, sitatungas, leopards, crocodiles,
various primates and a wide range of forest and water birds.
Visitors can also come with fishing facilities for sport fishing along
A trip to
Semuliki National Park has the most marvelous and breathtaking views.
Come and experience the thrilling meandering Bundibugyo road through the
Rwenzori escarpments, while in the mountains the road offers scenic views
of the meandering Semuliki River, fuming hot springs and the tropical
rain forest extending to Ituri forest in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
springs are situated in a tract of hot mineral encrusted swamp land, where
visitors see a two meter jet of hot water (130oc) and a pool (12m diameter)
of oozing boiling water (106oc). One can boil food especially eggs in
the natural boiler within 10 minutes and eat it.
Visitors can also arrange a trip to nearby protected areas like Rwenzori
Mountains National Park, Kibale National Park and Toro-Semliki wildlife
You can travel to Semuliki National Park by road. There are two major
roads from Kampala to Fortportal: Kampala to Fortportal via Mubende is
about 300kms(about 4-5 hours drive) while Kampala to Fortportal via Masaka,
Mbarara and Kasese is about 510kms(7-8 hours).
While the Kampala-Fortportal via Mubende is much shorter, the Kampala-Fortportal
via Masaka, Mbarara and Kasese gives you opportunity to see or Visit Lake
Mburo National Park, Kyambura Wildlife Reserve, Queen Elizabeth National
Park and Rwenzori Mountains National Park.
Portal, it is two (2) hours drive on a murram road to Sempaya gate (52kms)
and a 4WD vehicle is recommended. The drive to Sempaya takes one through
a winding road through the lower ranges of Rwenzori Mountains where at
several places one can view the rift valley floor where the Semuliki flats
and Toro-Semuliki Wildlife Reserve are located.
The Park headquarters at Ntandi is 5km further from Sempaya gate along
the same route.
means, one can take a taxi (minibus) or a bus from Kampala to Fort Portal.
At Fort Portal Taxi Park, board one of the pick-up trucks or bus for Bundibugyo
and stop at Sempaya gate.
Return trip will be by the same means but avoid leaving too late (not
later than 4.00pm) because you may fail to get transport. Alternatively,
while in Fort Portal you may contact Kabarole tours, on plot 1 Molidina
Street to organise for you excursion to Semuliki National Park.
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